Videos uploaded by user “Michael Langerman”
Growing Land Moss in Aquarium
There are many types of moss growing on streets and in parks of New York. Here is an example of Bryum moss (please correct me if I am wrong). I am taking samples. Moss doesn't have roots. Check out my other videos about growing land plants underwater (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sOahoXca864&list=PLM88hGt0AfGso8J51QCu-TSk4hnPpft43). Important! Wash moss until it is clean under running water. Soak moss in water for a day or a week. This moss absorbs a huge amount of water and yields an unbelievable amount of oxygen! Here is a closeup view. April 25th, 2017 I am setting up a new nursery aquarium for this example (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lig8FRbunA8&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK). Use scissors to cut a semicircular strip of moss. Cover the bottom of an aquarium with gravel. Place strips of moss along the walls of the aquarium. Push moss down into the gravel. I made it look like a ring from the bird's eye-view. Add more gravel in the center, filling up the middle space. The moss strips are held down by the walls and by the gravel on the inner side of the ring. Add dechlorinated water. The moss stays in place! We have made the nursery. Let the moss stay and grow in it. May 14th, 2017 I planted a water lily in the middle and added little critters and snails. June 13th, 2017 The moss grew noticeably in the first month! July 19th, 2017 I added newborn guppies to the aquarium. This moss grows underwater up to the surface at an incredible rate, creating a green wall. It looks like a fence. This is another example of this moss in a different nursery. This moss likes direct sunlight. And so do little critters! You can see oxygen bubbles. Be mindful of direct sunlight rapidly overheating aquariums and making it dangerous for fish! I use only indirect sunlight for all aquariums containing fish. July 31st, 2017 My guppies love this moss. It looks nice and grows fast, benefiting aquariums in many ways. And it grows everywhere! I want to see if it grows underwater all year around ;) Have fun and happy plants :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/08/growing-land-moss-in-aquarium.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 619931 Michael Langerman
Growing Terrestrial Moss in Aquarium
May 7th, 2017 I took different types of land moss samples during this trip to Central Park of NYC to check if any of them could grow underwater in aquariums. Check my previous videos for land mosses in aquarium https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QTc5RTr7Rq4&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsixNh13_DSMfDbj0Bg6qoP. Moss doesn't have roots. Wash moss thoroughly under running water to prevent it from rotting. I believe this is Hypnum moss - correct me if I am wrong. Soak the moss in dechlorinated water. I keep samples of moss in cups of water for at least a week and up to a couple months. I think it is safe to move moss to an aquarium if the water stays clean and moss remains green. This moss seems to like the sun. I keep it on a window sill exposed to direct sunlight. June 5th, 2017 The moss stays green submerged in a cup of water for almost a month! Time to test it in a new nursery with little aquatic critters (snails, seed shrimps and etc) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mG-tdSwiEyM&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvgpO4wZw22RKF1ow9gDtrq A cutting of Wandering Jew plant goes on the top of the vase to make it look prettier. The video about Wandering Jew plant is coming soon ;) July 7th, 2017 I added newborn guppies to this nursery aquarium. The moss looks healthy. September 3rd, 2017 The fish waste boosted the growth of the moss in the past month. Note: I placed this nursery with fish on the window sill only to give you the best view in sunlight. The Hypnum moss looks and grows gorgeously in my aquariums through the Summer. I am curious to see if it grows underwater all year around https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QTc5RTr7Rq4&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsixNh13_DSMfDbj0Bg6qoP. Have fun and happy aquarium :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/09/growing-terrestrial-moss-in-aquarium.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 94681 Michael Langerman
Land Moss for Aquarium Update
Words of gratitude to Rhiannan Thomas for caring and sharing with me at the first giveaway fish meeting https://youtu.be/CL6a13Pq60o Thank you Rhiannan Thomas! Among other things, Rhiannan Thomas shared a more efficient way to wash land moss than the one I used previously https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DWWGfuozMUk&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsixNh13_DSMfDbj0Bg6qoP April 22nd, 2018 I collect a sample of land moss. A worm comes as a bonus to feed my fish https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cEsiD3B4-ko&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvUQ-4DbtP2M9tbLJZhCoGj I used to wash samples of moss under running tap water - like this. A more effective way is to put the sample in a jar. Add some tap water. Close the jar with a lid. Shake the jar. Drain the dirty water from the jar. Add clean tap water. Close the jar and shake it. Repeat it as many times as it takes to get the moss clean. Washing moss in a jar takes less time and reduces water waste greatly compared to washing moss under running water. Thank you Rhiannan Thomas! In my previous video, "Land Moss for Aquarium,” I asked for help identifying this moss https://youtu.be/6puQ14SHHkA Words of gratitude to YouTuber Thành Nguyễn Vĩnh for identifying this moss as Plagiomnium acutum or rose moss! Thank you Thành Nguyễn Vĩnh! Put the clean moss in the jar. Fill it up with dechlorinated water https://youtu.be/8ItBA19CrtQ Cover the jar to reduce evaporation. Previously, I kept samples of this land moss on a windowsill, exposed to direct sunlight, before moving them to an aquarium with fish. It also grows without direct sunlight. Atmospheric air gets trapped initially. With enough light, those bubbles will be replaced by oxygen produced by the moss. April 28th, 2018 I keep new samples of moss at least a week underwater, checking daily for bad odor and/ or discoloration - signs of spoiled samples. This sample seems to be fine. I am going to anchor this moss. In this example, I wrap the moss around a rock. Secure it with cotton sewing thread or fishing line. I keep the anchored moss underwater in the same nursery, ready for use in aquariums https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DKO2btNFkTU&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK Have fun and happy aquariums :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/06/land-moss-for-aquarium-update.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 121837 Michael Langerman
Growing Pothos Underwater
May 4th, 2017 A friend gives me a cutting of a Pothos plant. I trimmed it further, making 2 cuttings with 2 leaves each. Put them in cups filled with dechlorinated water. May 11th, 2017 A root grows in the first week. May 14th, 2017 The root grows longer. Notice that the root grows from a bud. The other cutting remains rootless. I trim the stem of the rootless cutting to lower the buds underwater. The cutting with a root goes to a new nursery. June 5th, 2017 In the past 3 weeks, new leaves grow on both plants. And roots grow strong on both plants. June 13th, 2017 Pothos grows very fast. I added newborn guppies to one nursery. I submerged most leaves of this plant. Here a new root and a new leaf are growing underwater. Only 1 leaf is above the water. August 11th, 2017 More leaves grow on the Pothos kept above water. The plant with 1 leaf above water grows slower. I want to check if this Pothos can grow submerged fully underwater. Cut the plant in two parts. Each part has roots. The cutting with 5 leaves goes back to the same nursery. This time, the whole plant is fully submerged underwater. August 17th, 2017 The plant I keep above the water grows very fast. I trim the newest leaf with a sprout. Let's see if this cutting will grow roots. Dip the cutting in water. August 23rd, 2017 The leaf on the last cutting got some brownish discoloration. And a new root started growing. September 9th, 2017 The plant above water has healthy leaves and well developed roots. There are many secondary roots. One leaf of the plant that grows underwater has a hole. Otherwise the plant looks healthy. Though, it did not grow noticeably. Here you can see a new root grows. November 6th, 2017 Here you can see a female guppy https://youtu.be/s7mANFMnBLQ nibbles on algae that has grown on the leaves of pothos. I cultivate algae in all my aquariums https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k0l1wo--gqw&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsmAJKvbTnn6AUN4O3kMwGr Here you can see an underwater (fast growing) land moss https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DWWGfuozMUk&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsixNh13_DSMfDbj0Bg6qoP The Pothos on the other hand grows very slow underwater. December 4th, 2017 I cut off a wilted leaf from the plant that grows above water. The underwater plant is unchanged. March 22nd, 2018 I cut off another wilted leaf from the plant that grows above water. I made a cutting with 2 leaves and a sprout of a new leaf. The new cutting goes on top of my HD aquarium https://youtu.be/lig8FRbunA8 to grow roots. March 25th, 2018 A new leaf grows on the underwater Pothos! The Pothos grows underwater at the same slow pace as Peace lily plants - without any maintenance https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7xpRkks8W3U&list=PLM88hGt0AfGtmBbkZ2wVdehqfXAe5a9-L Have fun and happy plants :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/04/growing-pothos-underwater.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 91380 Michael Langerman
Aquarium plant holder of wire hanger
Get a wire hanger, preferably made of wire without paint or any other insulation. Cut off the hook. Straighten the wire. I do it with my hands. You may use any suitable tools - pipes work well as levers and bend points. Alternatively, you may cook a nice meal for your dad and ask him for help with this wire. Watch the wonders dad can do for the love you give him. Get a piece of tube that is longer than the wire. The tube will protect the wire from water. The wire should fit freely inside of the tube. Thread the wire into the tube. Each end of the wire should be 2-3 cm inside of the tube. Fold the wire in half. Make a loop in the middle of the wire, as wide as a couple fingers. It's the bottom of the plant holder. Work both ends of the wire in the same way. Bend wire at a 90 degree angle to the base. Now we have to make wings that will hold the plant. The size of wings should be sufficient to embrace the plant. Here I have made the wings. The rest of the wire is going to be the hook. Bend the ends of the wings toward each other. It's better to make longer wings with overlapping ends to fit different size plants. Trim off the tube. We don't want exposed wire to scratch the glass of our aquarium. Here is the top view. Here is the bottom view. Let's put our plant in the planter. Here I have a Peace lily. We can move the wings apart as necessary for the plant. Leaves of the Peace lily have to stay above water. Hold the planter next to your aquarium. Move it up or down to find the best height to make the hook. Bend the wire to make the hook. Keep the rest of the wire - you may want to lower the plant when it grows higher. Congratulations! We have made the plant holder. Hang it over the rim of the aquarium with the plant in water. Have fun and happy aquaponics :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2016/12/aquarium-plant-holder-of-wire-hanger.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 56803 Michael Langerman
Slug as pet
I found a slug on the street of NY. It could be fun to make it a pet. I have to build a home for my new pet. Get some dirt and bake it at 400 F to kill all the creatures it may come with. I'm going to use a 5 liter plastic bottle as a tank for the home - though a larger size aquarium will be better. Let's cut off the top part of the bottle. Now if we flip over the top part of the bottle it would make a nice lid for the home. Let the dirt cool down. Then pour about 5 cm deep of dirt in the home. Place some rocks, tree bark and etc. Spray it with water. Slugs need moisture, but they don't swim! Most slugs are vegetarians - feed them daily with fresh vegie. Slugs are explorers. Therefore, a larger size aquarium is preferable to keep slugs. And the dirt in the aquarium need to be replaced every week or so. The lid keeps the slug and the moisture trapped inside while the hole in the lid provides access to fresh air. To prevent the slug from escaping through the hole in the lid, it can be closed from inside with the original cap or from outside with a...disposable plastic cup. I am planning to release my slug or bring it to a science class of my kid school. Let kids take care of it! Have fun and happy slug :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2016/10/slug-as-pet.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 18293 Michael Langerman
Self-Sustaining Aquarium DIY
August 29th, 2017 Based on ideas tested in my nano aquarium test-tube experiment, I decided to build my first self-sustaining aquarium https://youtu.be/mCHPSl90VYo I use a clean plastic bottle (2 liters) https://youtu.be/Fz7DvaNoHGc First put inside a handful of gravel. Add dechlorinated water. In this example, I added two types of land moss that have been growing underwater https://youtu.be/Jdl2rdyncoA?list=PLM88hGt0AfGsixNh13_DSMfDbj0Bg6qoP This is a fast growing moss. And this is a slow growing moss. It has an attractive tree shape. I tied this moss to a rock. I have yet to make a video about this moss ;) I have seed shrimps (Ostracod) in all my aquariums, including this one https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5v6OelF1oeU&list=PLM88hGt0AfGv0kYeHAYsSZGmMKb9YyRah Here you can see them - tiny moving dots. They are going to the new aquarium. I am going to add more little critters from this large nursery to my new aquarium. There are some cyclopes, daphnia, and seed shrimps in this nursery filled with filamentous algae and land mosses. Algae is a preferable food for all these critters. Use a pipette to transfer them. Also, I add freshwater snails to all my nurseries https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EBybkcGTFvQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGveHyJjfOshS5K8RnGy8LLj Here they go. Screw the bottle cap back on. Close it tightly. Use a thick needle to make 4 holes in the bottle, all about 2 cm above the water level. The holes allow air exchange (in/out of the bottle), keeping most of evaporated water inside of the bottle. Algae grows better in warm water that is exposed to direct sunlight. Little critters and snails consume algae and produce waste. Algae and moss consume the waste dissolved in water. I am going to keep this aquarium on a windowsill exposed to direct sunlight. September 9th, 2017 Evaporated water gets trapped in the top part of the bottle. Water is clear. I see cyclopes, daphnia and seed shrimps. All moss is green. September 20th, 2017 The water level remains the same. Strings of filamentous algae started growing in the past weeks https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rSZ0LkWdqMw&list=PLM88hGt0AfGtjBZTsxFxzF9EEs-LD0ekD Apparently, it gets into this aquarium along with the critters I got from the large nursery. Hmm...let's see how it grows! All moss and critters are alive. October 2nd, 2017 The water level remains the same. All looks good and healthy. Filamentous algae grows hair thin. November 3rd, 2017 The water level is the same. The web of filamentous algae has spread through the entire aquarium. December 9th, 2017 Night time is best for observing live in this aquarium. 3 months and counting since the day I set up this aquarium. The aquarium is alive with all critters reproducing, moss and algae growing. The water level drops insignificantly. For how long could this aquarium sustain itself? It could be years, judging by water level drop rate. I am gearing up with experiments to build a self-sustaining aquarium containing guppies ;) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mCHPSl90VYo&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvTwxtpc8005q8jwWelt_Yc Have fun and happy aquariums :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/02/self-sustaining-aquarium-diy.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 18902 Michael Langerman
Wandering Jew Aquarium Garden
May 23rd, 2017 I got a cutting of a Wandering Jew plant (Tradescantia Zebrina) with 10 leaves on one stem. Here is the backside of the leaves. This is the front side of the leaves. I like the colors! Put the cutting in a cup of water. May 24th, 2017 It took less then 24 hours for new roots to start growing! May 27th, 2017 A new leaf sprouted on top. The roots grow longer. The color of the leaves that were submerged underwater has changed. June 5th, 2017 Another leaf sprouted on top. The roots look great and fluffy. I am setting up a new nursery aquarium in a vase. It looks nice with this plant growing on top. June 6th,2017 A new branch sprouted. Here you can see it. The submerged underwater leaves get sick. I use scissors to cut off 4 sick leaves to prevent further rot. All remaining leaves stay above the water. July 8th, 2017 New leaves sprouted in the past month. There is a total of 11 leaves. I added newborn guppies to this nursery aquarium. The roots get longer. I am cutting off the top of the plant with 7 leaves on it. The new cutting is going in a cup of water to grow roots. The old plant stays in the old nursery. July 12th, 2017 Roots grow on the new cutting with the same speed as on the old plant. Here you can see two growing branches on the old plant. July 19th, 2017 Leaves sprouted on both new branches. The roots grow much longer. August 11th, 2017 The roots of the old plant outgrew this nursery aquarium. I cut off about half the length of the roots. September 1st, 2017 The cutting of the Wandering Jew plant grow into two pretty plants over the course of one Summer. The smaller plant is ready to go to one of my friends. I want to see how the large plant will grow all year round on top of an aquarium with roots planted in water. Have fun and happy plants :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/10/wandering-jew-aquarium-garden.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 21918 Michael Langerman
Plastic Bottle Aquarium for beginners
Plastic Bottle Aquarium for beginners Get a 2 liter plastic bottle of a plain, cylindrical shape. Fancy shaped bottles make it harder for observations and to provide care. Remove any stickers from the bottle. Cut off the top of the bottle. Trim off the rim. Put a 2-3 cm layer of gravel or whatever substrate that you like. Fill up half of the bottle with tap water. Let it sit for about a day. That is a way of dechlorinating the water. Add water plants of your choice. Add the water to level. You have set up your aquarium! Some plants grow faster, and they may need your attention more frequently. Some plants need more sunlight than others - placing aquarium in direct sunlight may cause rapid overheating! Remember to add dechlorinated water to the level as it evaporates. This aquarium already has everything necessary to keep many different water creatures. A couple of fresh water snails bring hours of slow motion fun and make the aquarium healthier. Snails eat algae and remains of any organics. Drop a flake or two of fish food once a week to make them happier. Clean your aquarium as it gets dirty. Many houseplants grow and thrive with roots placed in an aquarium. Making such an aquaponics system is simple with plastic bottle planter or wired plant holder. What a beautiful tiny world! It's your garden for growing plants and water plants. It's your personal desk zen garden. It's a cozy home to grow small guppy babies. It's a testing ground for you and your new aqua adventures! Have fun and happy aquarium :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/02/plastic-bottle-aquarium-for-beginners.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 40099 Michael Langerman
Growing Land Plants Underwater
Among the huge variety in land plants, there are many that are suitable for aquaponics systems (roots growing in water) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kNe3sUYuTBk&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvdY1rnqapi-0wLa0LUFgSG Here are examples from a longer list. Spider plant https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pf4fp-mQgRs&list=PLM88hGt0AfGuKCmmQH8HaXwys0x6Q-8xf Ornamental Sweet Potato. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iUyaBbSRzoA&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsnOY0zxtEIN5XxxWf3eWtW Wandering Jew. Aloe Vera. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qxqRt8odnmg&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsFAwwJanPYh9eN37LjI2Co Pothos. Some plants have the even more fascinating power to adapt for underwater life! A common household plant, Pothos, is able to grow on land, underwater, and both at the same time! Another common household plant, the Peace lily, is also adaptive to underwater life https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sOahoXca864&list=PLM88hGt0AfGtmBbkZ2wVdehqfXAe5a9-L Here, you can see 2 Peace lily plants growing underwater. Conversion of terrestrial plants into aquatic plants is an interesting journey, with many questions and very few studies to help on this subject. The land plants I choose for growing underwater are those that originally propagate from cuttings. Here are a couple examples of land moss that I grow underwater. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kNe3sUYuTBk&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsixNh13_DSMfDbj0Bg6qoP And again, these are just a few out of many thousand different types of land moss that grow everywhere. Please check my previous videos for details on how I convert these and other land plants for underwater life. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kNe3sUYuTBk&list=PLM88hGt0AfGso8J51QCu-TSk4hnPpft43 So far, all land (terrestrial) plants that I converted to aquatic life responded negatively to the presence of soil in water. In other words - I wash land plants clean, before placing them underwater. Notably, the Peace lily and Pothos growth rate is slower underwater compared to the same plants growing on land. And some moss grow faster underwater compared to the same moss on land. Nature is full of wonders and revelations waiting for you to discover. Have fun and happy plants :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/08/growing-land-plants-underwater.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 27290 Michael Langerman
Driftwood for Aquarium
June 18th, 2017 I pick up some driftwood on the Brooklyn side of the East River, near the Williamsburg bridge. Well soaked driftwood is heavier than water. It sinks like a rock in water. I want to use this driftwood for my aquariums. Wash it clean under running water, scrubbing it with a brush. I put the driftwood in a 2 liter plastic bottle with a cut off top (the same way I make my nursery aquariums) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lig8FRbunA8&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK. This large driftwood piece has to be cut to fit underwater. This larger piece has to be cut with a saw. Use sandpaper or file the pieces. Fill up the tank with tap (chlorinated) water to cover all driftwood. Keep the driftwood underwater to cure. I add seed shrimps and some land moss https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QTc5RTr7Rq4&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsixNh13_DSMfDbj0Bg6qoP to this nursery to check if they like the driftwood. July 2nd, 2017 Depending on the size and the type of wood, it could take weeks for wood to fully saturate. The wood releases tannin in water as it gets "cured". Tannin is harmless to fish but makes water darker. July 8th, 2017 I am going to use this small piece for my new nursery aquarium. July 14th, 2017 I am going to use a larger piece of wood to set up another nursery. Notice how dark the water is in the old nursery compared to the new one. Here you can see the 3 nurseries with driftwood in chronological order (from left to right) as I set them up. Notice the water discoloration. July 30th, 2017 I drain the dark water and refill tanks with clean water to reduce the discoloration once every week or two. Seed shrimps flourish in tanks with driftwood! Residue accumulates on the bottom of the tank as driftwood gets cured and eaten by seed shrimps. I remove residue during water changes. Eventually the amount of tannin leaching from wood gets insignificant and the water stays crystal clear. September 20th, 2017 Here you can see all 3 nurseries with cured driftwood in the order in which I set them up, from left to right. On August 18th, 2017 I added newborn guppies to this nursery in the middle with a small piece of driftwood. I have not changed the water since then in all 3 nurseries. As you can see the fish, seed shrimps, snails, and mosses are doing fine and the water stays clear. There are faster ways to cure driftwood and use it in aquariums. I will show it in future videos ;) Have fun and happy aquarium :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/10/driftwood-for-aquarium.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 49500 Michael Langerman
Ghost Shrimps
I've been looking for freshwater shrimps for my tiny aquariums. May 10th, 2018 I got 10 ghost shrimps from a PetSmart store. Ghost shrimps are also known as grass or glass shrimp. They look very similar to shrimps known as amano or Japanese. Empty the bag with ghost shrimps into a bowl. I prepared a couple aquariums for ghost shrimps: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fX0FGOODDPI&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK Put shrimps of both genders in each aquarium. Shrimps are good jumpers! Cover the net to prevent shrimps from jumping out. Ghost shrimp males are smaller than females. And females bear eggs. Here you can see shrimps of both genders. Ghost shrimps prefer to hide from fish, even from tiny guppy fry. Staying hidden is natural for ghost shrimps. The semitransparent body of ghost shrimps blends perfectly well in a natural environment even when they move across open space. Female ghost shrimps carry eggs under their bellies, constantly ventilating them. Shrimps feed on algae. I feed fresh algae to my shrimps once a week or so: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=02xW3z61NfQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsmAJKvbTnn6AUN4O3kMwGr Give them no other food until all algae is gone. It takes about 2-3 days for a couple of shrimps to eat this portion. No gang of wild guppy fry can stop shrimps from getting to algae! Ghost shrimps chase each other away from food. The winner takes all...even if it is too much for one. You can see the shrimps’ guts through their semitransparent bodies. Ghost shrimps molt as they grow. Here you can see a shrimp eating remains of an old mold. May 17th, 2018 I move a couple shrimps to another aquarium to give them more space. Ghost shrimps eat fish food flakes: https://youtu.be/186RslKYkJY A small pinch of flakes for a couple shrimps a day will do. The shrimp swims trying to reach food floating on the surface. Here I feed shrimps with portions of frozen algae: https://youtu.be/cEsiD3B4-ko Feeding them with smaller portions dropped at different locations prevents fights over food. I serve the next meal the day after shrimps finish the last meal. A happy couple on an after meal walk. Another happy couple hanging on land moss growing underwater: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5zJN7hyjzhY&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsixNh13_DSMfDbj0Bg6qoP Abundant plants in aquariums https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sSgqNh0FkCs&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvdY1rnqapi-0wLa0LUFgSG make it easier for shrimps to reach for food and to hide. Shrimps are called bottom feeders for that's where they find most of their food: organic remains and algae. And yet, shrimps are capable of being "top" feeders on a whim :) Ghost shrimps furiously guard food and personal space from any intruders. May 23rd, 2018 I lost a shrimp. The dead body of the ghost shrimp has a different color! Shrimps are interesting creatures. They make funny aquarium pets. Ghost shrimps go well with peaceful small fish such as guppies: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wLg9OAZwExQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsF7UD45C23Su_VEJjWXCe5 Shrimps help to keep aquarium clean by eating remains of all organic food. I don't change water in my aquariums: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eKDWgUO4VsM&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvyY_LiG5aQzG1ymwn_7n94 Temperature in my aquariums is around 72-76 F all year around: https://youtu.be/xCx1eUhXvE8 Have fun and happy aquarium :) Blog: https://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/10/ghost-shrimps.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 13570 Michael Langerman
Water Snail Eggs Central Park NY
I found a batch of water snail eggs attached to some water weed while I was collecting duckweed for my fish at one of the ponds in the Central park of NY. I brought it home along with sample of water and the water weed for further observation... Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2016/07/water-snail-eggs-central-park-ny.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 7130 Michael Langerman
Growing Water Lily from Cuts
February 13th, 2017 Here you can see one of the Water Lily Nymphaea sp that I planted back in January 2017. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZaMF_6Lt1yc&index=2&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvKgC_8WNmCOH70sHsBzYyf Notice a smaller plant growing on the left of the same bulb. I am going to cut it off to make room for the large plant. I plant this cut-off into another aquarium. Let's see if it will grow. April 5th, 2017 The plant grows beautifully. April 30th, 2017 Each of the two water lily bulbs that I planted in January 2017 have produced 4 plants. Here you can see them all in 8 aquariums. These two are the oldest plants growing on the bulbs. All other plants are cut-offs from those bulbs. Some of these aquariums are populated with fish, while some are populated with other small water creatures. Have fun and happy plants :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/05/growing-water-lily-from-cuts.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 16380 Michael Langerman
Growing Peace Lily Underwater
March 20th, 2017 At least one of the Peace lily leaves has to stay above water level for the rest of the plant to grow underwater. Check my previous videos for details https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9GJmwQPZfOQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGtmBbkZ2wVdehqfXAe5a9-L. All new leaves of this plant have grown underwater during the last couple months. They have never been exposed to open air. It suggests an opportunity to explore. Use a sharp knife to cut off this bunch of new leaves with the roots. Previously, I braided some of the roots, and used them as a base to grow regular moss underwater. It grows wonderfully! Check out my videos for details https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QTc5RTr7Rq4&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsixNh13_DSMfDbj0Bg6qoP Put the old plant back into the nursery. Keep at least 1 leaf above the water. The new plant goes in another nursery. This time I keep the plant fully submerged underwater. May 3rd, 2017 I added 2 guppies to the nursery. Also, there are some small critters: snails, seed shrimps, and cyclopes. This Peace lily stays alive underwater for 6 weeks! One of the leaves has some discoloration spots in the last week. Here you can see the leaf. I may cut it off if it gets worse. Let it stay for now. May 22nd, 2017 In the past couple weeks, the discoloration disappeared from the leaf. The plant looks healthy. May 30th, 2017 A new leaf sprouted. The roots grow longer. June 13th, 2017 The new leaf is fully open. I moved guppies to another aquarium. July 2nd, 2017 2 weeks ago, I added 6 newborn guppies to this nursery. A new leaf sprouted. The Peace lily growing underwater likes sunlight! I put the new and the old plants next to each other for comparison. The old Peace lily on the right side has darker green leaves. It wilts in direct sunlight. July 8th, 2017 The Peace lily seems to grow slower underwater than a plant exposed to open air. Nevertheless, slowly but steadily, it grows. I am going to anchor it down using this drift wood. There are different ways to attach a plant to drift wood. In this example, I tie 3 roots of the plant around the drift wood. It holds securely enough. The underwater growing Peace lily looks good and healthy. I appreciate its slower growth rate and love for the direct sunlight. I wonder if it will bring flowers :) Have fun and happy plants :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/07/growing-peace-lily-underwater.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 53520 Michael Langerman
Basil in Aquarium
September 15th, 2017 I got a Basil plant from Whole Foods. It comes with instructions for the care of this potted plant. I want to grow Basil in an aquarium. DIY aquariums: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bwGmmWMlRCw&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK All my plants in aquariums: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jak7j7eqMfI&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvdY1rnqapi-0wLa0LUFgSG I take a couple cuttings of different length, with different numbers of leaves. Put the cuttings in cups filled with dechlorinated water https://youtu.be/8ItBA19CrtQ September 21st, 2017 I keep the Basil on a windowsill - the plant likes sunlight. White roots start growing on both cuttings. I move the long cutting to my HD aquarium. Keep roots of the cutting in water and all leaves above water level. September 24th, 2017 The roots grow very fast! I move the short cutting to the HD aquarium https://youtu.be/lig8FRbunA8 September 30th, 2017 Roots on both cuttings grow nicely. October 4th, 2017 I take a longer cutting from the potted Basil. This cutting goes in a vase aquarium https://youtu.be/Orv2Eb8laqU instead of a Wandering Jew plant https://youtu.be/1X0ZHjXUqL8 October 18th, 2017 Roots grow very fast. One leaf wilts. I cut off the wilted leaf. New leaves grow on all cuttings. I harvest a couple large leaves from each cutting. November 19th, 2017 Each cutting yields 1-2 leaves a month. January 10th, 2018 The roots of Basil grow over 20 cm long. I cut off the top of the longest cutting to force growth of new branches. January 12th, 2018 I take a new cutting from the potted plant. Cut this cutting in two parts. The bottom part goes to the HD aquarium. The top part goes to a new nursery aquarium. I cut off the bottom leaves but keep the leaflets. January 20th, 2018 I put a cutting of Basil without leaves or root in water. January 26th, 2018 I keep this sample on a windowsill. Roots and leaves start growing! February 10th, 2018 It grows slowly without any nutrition. February 18th, 2018 This Basil grows in a nursery with seed shrimps https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5v6OelF1oeU&list=PLM88hGt0AfGv0kYeHAYsSZGmMKb9YyRahand snails https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EBybkcGTFvQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGveHyJjfOshS5K8RnGy8LLj March 16th, 2018 First time from the initial set up, I added a pinch of homemade fish food flakes https://youtu.be/186RslKYkJY and dechlorinated tap water. March 22nd, 2018 I move this plant to a larger seed shrimps nursery. April 6th, 2018 The Basil grows faster, stronger, and prettier in aquariums populated with fish https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bwGmmWMlRCw&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsF7UD45C23Su_VEJjWXCe5 , exposed to indirect sunlight. Leaves of Basil wilt and fall off shortly after I put them underwater. For that reason, I keep all leaves above the water level. April 28th, 2018 This is an example with new branches growing from the top leaflets after I cut off the top. May 20th, 2018 Cutting tops is necessary for branching and to prevent Basil from blooming. Here I cut off the top. Take the bottom leaves for salad. The cutting goes to the same aquarium. The more branches the more green leaves grow ;) I add dechlorinated water to the level about once a week in this nursery. My other nurseries have covers to reduce water evaporation. June 4th, 2018 Basil grows steady with simple care, but slower in aquariums compare to potted plants, making it a nice plant for aquaponic systems https://youtu.be/GkIm-P-D8Ek Have fun and happy Basil :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/06/basil-in-aquarium.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 23467 Michael Langerman
Duckweed fish food
Duckweed fish food. How to prepare and store duckweed for feeding fish all year around. Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2016/07/duckweed-fish-food.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 9638 Michael Langerman
Growing Land Moss Underwater
July 13th, 2017 I got samples of land mosses on my trip to Central Park NYC. Let's check if this moss can grow underwater https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6puQ14SHHkA&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsixNh13_DSMfDbj0Bg6qoP Wash samples thoroughly under running water. Try to remove all the dirt along with living "things" from the samples. This sample looks like some type of Hair Cap moss (please correct me if I am wrong!). It has a very stylish appearance. I tied this moss with cotton sewing thread to a rock in this example. Put all land moss samples in a small nursery aquarium, a disposable cup in this example, filled with water https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M30JoD5anmI&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK I keep these samples on a windowsill, exposed to direct sunlight. August 1st, 2017 I took more samples of this moss from a different location in Central Park NYC. Wash it thoroughly under running water. These samples go to another nursery. This moss looks like a tiny green tree. August 2nd, 2017 Here you can see both samples taken 2 weeks apart. October 22nd, 2017 I am setting up a nursery aquarium. Add dechlorinated water and gravel. This moss stays alive almost 2 months underwater. And seed shrimps like it! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5v6OelF1oeU&list=PLM88hGt0AfGv0kYeHAYsSZGmMKb9YyRah I am going to transfer this moss to the new nursery. In this example, I use driftwood made of wooden toothpicks to anchor the moss. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jdl2rdyncoA&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu9KqqP02Qw4bbj2aP7bjOJ Here is the moss to anchor. A pair of toothpicks for the anchor. I use an old air tube to hold toothpicks together. A couple toothpicks fit nicely inside of the air tube! Cut a 5 mm piece of the air tube to hold one end of the toothpicks. Place moss on one toothpick. 3-5 pieces of this moss fit on a toothpick. Press the moss with the second toothpick. Lock both ends of toothpicks with pieces of air tube. Looks nice! Place the anchored moss in the nursery. Also, I added another type of land moss along with seed shrimps and snails to this nursery. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EBybkcGTFvQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGveHyJjfOshS5K8RnGy8LLj January 4th, 2018 This moss stays alive for over 6 months underwater! It did not grow underwater, and yet it's alive! You know what dead moss looks like from my previous nano aquarium experiment ;) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mCHPSl90VYo Have fun and happy aquariums :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/03/growing-land-moss-underwater.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 134123 Michael Langerman
Algae Aquarium Garden
Algae Aquarium Garden March 12th, 2017 It is freezing cold in Central park, NY. Last night, the temperature dropped to 25 degrees Fahrenheit. You can see snow on the left. Some rocks covered with ice along the spring. Running water does not freeze easily. What water plants may survive in freezing water? This one! Filamentous Algae known as pond scum. One can find it in ponds, lakes, and rivers - never at pet stores! Let's get some samples. Fill up an empty and clean bottle with a sample of water. Get a long stick. Use a stick to pull out a water plant. Place the plant in the water bottle. Wild plants must be kept isolated in a separate (test) aquarium for observation. In a warmer time of the year, wild plants come with different types of creatures - many of them are beneficial, but some are harmful! Check my previous videos to see some of the creatures http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2016/09/fresh-water-plants-for-aquarium.html There could be nymphs, larvae, or eggs attached to the plant. You may want to separate it before setting the plant in your regular aquarium. I've been growing filamentous algae in my aquariums since Summer 2016. It grows as algae does - without any help on my part https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rSZ0LkWdqMw It grows persistently, even during short winter days. In my observations, it flourishes in nitrate (fish poop) and when exposed to sunlight. It grows incredibly fast and can clog water filters. The filamentous algae is much larger than common microscopic algae. It makes it easy to physically remove any excess of filamentous algae from an aquarium. It grows in the shape of fuzzy green cloud. Here you can take a closer look at it. A cluster of green hair. It easily tangles between rocks, roots, and leaves of other plants. It is a home and a hiding place for microscopic creatures and baby fish. I want it in my aquariums for that reason. It makes a tasty snack for my guppies. Have fun and happy aquarium :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/03/algae-aquarium-garden.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 47552 Michael Langerman
Land Moss for Aquarium
May 7th, 2017 I picked different types of land moss on my trip to the Central park of NYC, so I could check if they can grow underwater. This moss has a nice appearance. I got a sample. I was not able to identify this moss or whatever it is...hope you can do better on this matter. Thanks to YouTuber Thành Nguyễn Vĩnh for identifying it as Plagiomnium acutum or rose moss! Thank you Thành Nguyễn Vĩnh!! Wash it thoroughly under running water. It is important to get rid of all dirt and critters that may be stuck there. Place clean moss in a clear disposable plastic cup. Fill the cup with dechlorinated water. May 14th, 2017 This moss produces less oxygen than Bryum mosses, shown in my previous videos https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jdl2rdyncoA&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsixNh13_DSMfDbj0Bg6qoP July 13th, 2017 I added this moss to different aquariums. In this example, I anchored moss to rocks using cotton sewing thread. It goes into my newly built HD aquarium https://youtu.be/lig8FRbunA8 July 21st, 2017 In this example, I put moss under a rock in a new nursery. October 18th, 2017 This land moss grows underwater in a similar way, though slower, than the Bryum mosses do. Let's see how much it has grown. Some strings are about 20 cm long. The parts of moss that have grown underwater look different. Trim off the moss. The old moss goes to the old nursery. I put cut offs in a cup for now. October 22nd, 2017 In this example, I anchor strings of moss between driftwood made of toothpicks https://youtu.be/WzSPwPYGD6Q 2-3 toothpicks fit nicely inside of an old air tube. Place as many strings of moss as you like between the toothpicks. Lock both ends of toothpicks with about 5 mm pieces of air tube. This goes to a new nursery https://youtu.be/Orv2Eb8laqU?list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK January 4th, 2018 Here, you can see the first sample of this land moss growing underwater for over 9 months. January 25th, 2018 Here, you can see the nursery where I planted cuttings of the moss anchored by toothpick driftwood. I have young guppies in this nursery https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BUAu9vM_T0M&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsF7UD45C23Su_VEJjWXCe5 Also, there are two other types of land moss growing in this aquarium. This is haircap/star moss. Bryum moss is on the left. Here, you can see the moss anchored to rocks in my HD aquarium. This string has grown to 18 cm long in the past 6 months. I may need to trim it soon. Here, you can see snails eggs on the moss. This land moss, growing nicely underwater, makes a valuable addition to my aquariums. Have fun and happy aquariums :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/02/land-moss-for-aquarium.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 76861 Michael Langerman
Frozen Algae Fish Food
Every 2-3 weeks, I harvest algae from my algae scrubber https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4s2QbXm34Oo&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu53Y7_dyWMbPY9Up6YRni5 This algae scrubber HOG.5 was kindly provided to me by Santa Monica Filtration in July 2017 http://www.santa-monica.cc/ My fish and critters love it! And I do too!! Here you can see the algae growing in the scrubber. Let's get it out. There is enough algae to feed my fish until next harvest. Fish like algae! I feed my guppies with fresh algae, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VyjeDFyoDb8 use algae to make fish food flakes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=186RslKYkJY or freeze algae to keep it for longer. Cut chunks of algae into small pieces using plastic. Pour algae onto a plastic sheet/ tray. Spread the algae evenly. Use the same plastic card to split algae on small portions. Making smaller portions is better. Make space between each portion. Put the tray with algae in a freezer. It takes a couple hours to fully freeze portions of this size. I keep a ziploc bag of frozen algae in my freezer for months. Drop a portion of frozen algae into an aquarium at feeding time. Frozen algae pellet floats on the top. Shortly, the algae thaws out and sinks as it is pulled down by fish. Here the feast begins. Snails https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EBybkcGTFvQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGveHyJjfOshS5K8RnGy8LLjand other aquatic critters https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mG-tdSwiEyM&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvgpO4wZw22RKF1ow9gDtrq that I keep in aquariums come later to pick up any left over of algae left by fish. So it goes around in a natural cycle. Fish eat algae. Growing algae consumes fish waste. Fish feeds on algae again. Have fun and happy aquariums :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/12/frozen-algae-fish-food.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 5518 Michael Langerman
Aquaponics Peace Lily in aquarium
Peace lilies grows beautifully in aquariums - making them suitable for aquaponics systems. This peace lily plant has been living in my aquariums for over 15 years. It helps to keep the water clean and reduce algae growth. Roots provide shelter for fish babies and serve as a home for hatching snails. Peace lilies thrive in indirect sunlight away from windows. Here you can see snail eggs on the roots. Taking care of the plant is easy. I remove dead roots when I see them. I reduce the size of the plant once every couple of years. In this example, I am going to cut off the bottom part with 3 leaves and half of the roots. I use this improvised wire housing to hold the plant on the top of a standard 10 gallon aquarium. The wire can be moved apart for easy access. First, I hang the housing in a place on the rim of the aquarium. Then, I put the plant inside of the housing. The smaller plant can be used for another aquarium without housing. There are many different ways to fix the plant in proper position. According to my observations, the peace lily responds with faster growth when there is an increased amount of fish poop in the water. This plant has roots that are too long for this aquarium. I can partially trim off roots or cut them completely. It's going to be a fresh start for this plant. Taking care of the peace lily includes cutting off dry flowers. It promotes growth of new leaves and flowers. Here you can see new leaves grow in about 1 - 2 weeks after I cut off the flower. And the same goes with this plant. There is one leaf on a side. Another leaf grows between old leaves. Also, it is necessary to cut off old or sick leaves. There is a new leaf growing :) The plant takes nutrition (fish poop) and ammonia from the water. Fish nibble on roots for occasional snacks. That's why the older parts of the roots are so bold. Low maintenance and visual appeal make the peace lily an attractive plant for aquaponics system. Have fun and happy aquaponics :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2016/11/aquaponics-peace-lily-in-aquarium.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 59704 Michael Langerman
Simple Algae Control
This is my oldest 1.6 liter aquarium as it was on May 27th, 2017 https://youtu.be/jm2D4-dnKqg You can see hairgrass on the right https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DxRtWeAT8PQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGt5KSFVKV5EB-Pskd2gUbiR , a dwarf lily at the back https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZaMF_6Lt1yc&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvKgC_8WNmCOH70sHsBzYyf and filamentous algae on the left https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k0l1wo--gqw&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu8bzMTbsvyJ-poOAN6OuSB Also, there is common green algae growing on shells and rocks https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7myWybB0k2Q&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsmAJKvbTnn6AUN4O3kMwGr I don't change water in my aquariums since the end of 2016 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eKDWgUO4VsM&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvyY_LiG5aQzG1ymwn_7n94 June 28th, 2017 Here you can see guppies nibble on filamentous algae. Please check my previous videos about filamentous algae https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k0l1wo--gqw&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu8bzMTbsvyJ-poOAN6OuSB November 29th, 2017 All plants and different types of algae compete for nutrition and light. In this example, you can see the fast growing dwarf lily and filamentous algae grow better than common green algae. And yet, the common algae grows on all surfaces in the aquarium. Removing any plant from the tank would create an imbalance in the ecosystem, allowing algae to bloom. December 4th, 2017 I decide to remove filamentous algae from this and all other aquariums. May 7th, 2018 The slow growing Marimo ball and hairgrass were holding balance against common green algae until the last week, with some help from an old dwarf lily. Now the common algae is blooming. Blooming common algae can be harmful to aquarium ecosystems. It could cause rapid changes in oxygen level through the day/night cycles. The oldest female born and grown in this aquarium died on May 24th, 2018 May 30th, 2018 There are different ways to control algae growth https://youtu.be/rSZ0LkWdqMw In this example, I add a fast growing Elodea plant into the aquarium https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5zJN7hyjzhY&list=PLM88hGt0AfGt6Kve9jdKNtoph6X-Na8cf July 9th, 2018 The water in the aquarium is clear. The algae attached to the walls can be removed with a brush - I did not make doubled walls in this aquarium to help with this problem ;) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7myWybB0k2Q&list=PLM88hGt0AfGtZetvwM_rpD2Bt6QJdDAyM August 4th, 2018 I add another male guppy to this aquarium. August 15th, 2018 Adding fast growing plants/ mosses (as I did in a previous example https://youtu.be/ZrQKfd8T2n4) works effectively to reduce and to prevent the growth of common algae. Have fun and happy aquariums :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/09/simple-algae-control.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 6235 Michael Langerman
Aponogeton in Aquarium Year Round
July 2nd, 2017 Here you can see my first, 6 month old, Aponogeton plant https://youtu.be/vTzVjD8zXY0 I want to see Aponogeton growing in a larger aquarium. July 13th, 2017 I put a bulb of Aponogeton in my newly built HD aquarium https://youtu.be/lig8FRbunA8 The bulb was waiting for it since the last year ;) July 16th, 2017 The Aponogeton is already growing! July 24th, 2017 The Aponogeton grows fast! Here you can see white roots. July 31st, 2017 Leaves of the plant are already curling on the water’s surface, marking 25-30 cm of monthly grow. August 8th, 2017 Leaves of the plant curl along the water’s surface. They are about 45 cm long now. New leaves sprout every week. Here you can see my first, about 8 month old, plant. The old leaves get yellowish. New leaves grow all the time! October 2nd, 2017 The old plant has lost most of its leaves. It gives room for Hairgrass to grow ;) https://youtu.be/DxRtWeAT8PQ You can see the thin leaves of Hairgrass behind Aponogeton. The new Aponogeton plant in HD aquarium looks nice! October 28th, 2017 Only 1 leaf remains on the old plant. November 25th, 2017 Last week, I accidentally pulled the plant out of the gravel. A flower bulb grows! November 28th, 2017 There are more flower bulbs growing. The first flower blooms!! Here it is. Take a closer look at this beauty! December 1st, 2017 All flowers bloom! December 4th, 2017 Blossoms grow in length. I wonder if the plant will have seeds or grow new bulbs. December 18th, 2017 The plant keeps blooming! March 16th, 2018 Some leaves wilted in the past week. New flowers start blooming after about 3 months! May 12th, 2018 New leaves sprout as old leaves wilt. Here, you can see new sprouts. I covered the base of the plant with gravel, leaving the bulb above the gravel - to see if a new bulb will grow. After about 6 months, new leaves start growing from the first bulb left in the old aquarium! Here, you can see the re-growing old Aponogeton. I cultivate algae https://youtu.be/rSZ0LkWdqMw and don't change water in my aquariums https://youtu.be/eKDWgUO4VsM Have fun and happy plants :) Blog: More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 9715 Michael Langerman
Algae Natural Cleaners
I keep seed shrimps, cyclopes, and daphnia (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mQb7cKeTKqA) in this 2.5 liters nursery aquarium (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lig8FRbunA8&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK) filled with gravel, filamentous algae, and different types of land moss (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QTc5RTr7Rq4&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsixNh13_DSMfDbj0Bg6qoP). Seed shrimps make up the largest part of my aquarium cleaning crew. They eat all organic detritus and algae. I harvested about 200 ml of algae (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4s2QbXm34Oo) from my algae scrubber HOG.5 that keeps my aquarium clean (http://www.santa-monica.cc/HOG5-Hang-On-Glass-UAS-Upflow-Algae-Scrubber--12-Cube-feeding-per-day_p_21.html). I am feeding all this algae to my cleaning crew. The water turns green and cloudy. Layer of algae cover everything. 7 am. August 17th, 2017 The tiny critters are busy at work - crunching algae. Seed shrimps are everywhere! Remains of algae are still visible. 5 pm. August 17th, 2017 There is no visible activity...the algae amount reduced to almost nothing. Note: there is no fish in this tank. I keep all my nursery aquariums with tiny critters on the window sill, exposed to direct sunlight. They love sunlight and so does algae! They love warm water and so does algae! Algae take ammonia and other nutrients from the water, making it clean. August 23rd, 2017 Growth of algae is followed by growth of little critters population. The same nursery with a blossoming population of seed shrimps. I move some of the critters to aquariums that are populated with fish. Fish, especially newborn guppies, love to eat seed shrimps. Those tiny critters, that don't get eaten right away, keep aquariums clean. It is a daphnia. A nursery like this, kept in direct sunlight, sustains itself for whole Summer - I only add dechlorinated water as necessary. Have fun and happy aquariums :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/09/algae-natural-cleaners.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 25472 Michael Langerman
Frogbit in Aquarium
Frogbit is a common plant which grows in freshwater aquariums. Words of gratitude to Rhiannan Thomas for caring to share the frogbit, among other things at my first official giveaway https://youtu.be/CL6a13Pq60o Thank you, Rhiannan Thomas! April 14th, 2018 Here I have frogbit and duckweed. Put all plants in a bowl. Add dechlorinated waterhttps://youtu.be/8ItBA19CrtQ I add seed shrimps https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZrQKfd8T2n4&list=PLM88hGt0AfGv0kYeHAYsSZGmMKb9YyRah to all my aquariums including this one. And I add pond snails https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EBybkcGTFvQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGveHyJjfOshS5K8RnGy8LLj Cover the bowl to reduce evaporation. I keep aquariums without fish exposed to direct sunlight. Frogbit is a floating plant. This bowl has small water surface to accommodate all the frogbit. So, I move some of the frogbit plants to other nurseries. Roots of frogbit grow different lengths. Some are very long as in this example. Some frogbit have short roots. Here, you can see a new plant that grows on a 5-7 cm long shoot from the old plant. May 5th, 2018 Frogbits plants grow strong in nurseries on a windowsill. The roots grow all the way down to the bottom, totaling about 30 cm length in 3 weeks. These are my seed shrimps nurseries full of algae and a bit of land moss. May 10th, 2018 Frogbit plants grow much slower in aquariums with little light. Here, you can see a new plant broke away from the old plant. The amount of algae has reduced noticeably in one of the aquariums on the windowsill. May 20th, 2018 Frogbit likes light and as a floating plant it has an advantage over algae. June 6th, 2018 New frogbit plants sprout often in these nurseries allowing me to introduce frogbit in other aquariums. July 16th, 2018 The length of frogbit roots depends on the amount of nutrition and the depth of the aquarium. Frogbit plants provide a natural place for fish and critters to hide. In one of my experiments on algae control https://youtu.be/ZrQKfd8T2n4 the frogbit plants proved to be very effective. June 30th, 2018 Here is the same nursery one month later on August 1st, 2018 September 9th, 2018 I have frogbit plants growing in all my aquariums https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ofPxX3qz1OI&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK Frogbit grows better in aquariums with more space, light, and nutrition. I move frogbit plants as necessary to other aquariums and use spare old plants to make fish food flakes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U7x5fw6-vSM&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvUQ-4DbtP2M9tbLJZhCoGj Frogbit is one of the most desirable plants in my aquariums. Have fun and happy aquarium :) Blog: https://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/11/frogbit-in-aquarium.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 11138 Michael Langerman
How to remove a sticker from a plastic bottle
Supplies: a plastic bottle, warm water and some oil (any oil you may find in your household). We have to remove a sticker from a plastic bottle before we start any DIY project involving the bottle. It can be done in a matter of minutes. Fill the bottle with hot water. Leave the bottle for 1-2 minutes to warm up the glue holding the sticker. Gently pull the corner of the sticker. Remove the sticker in a slow, preferably continuous motion. Check the bottle for any remnants of the glue. There is a lot of glue remaining on the bottle in this example. Rub some oil (I use canola oil in this example) on the glue. Use some plastic or your finger nails to remove the remains of the glue. Wipe the bottle clean with napkins to remove glue and oil. You may empty the bottle after the work is done. Congratulations! We have removed a sticker from the plastic bottle. Have fun and happy DIY projects :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2016/08/how-to-remove-sticker-from-plastic.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 100532 Michael Langerman
Filamentous Algae
January 26th, 2018 Thick ice covers the ponds in Central Park of New York city. I am on the look out for aquatic plants. Here, you can see some green growing under the ice. I could not break the ice to get a closer look on it. The same land moss you see here grows nicely in my aquariums! Ice is less thick on this stream. Here I am able to pull out a cluster of filamentous algae from under the ice. It comes with a red worm! Put the catch in a bottle with water from the same stream. Here, you see this sample of filamentous algae with the worm and the remains of some insect. Samples of filamentous algae collected in the summer would come with different tiny critters https://youtu.be/mQb7cKeTKqA I give them a chance with a pinch of homemade fish food https://youtu.be/186RslKYkJY January 27th, 2018 I am moving this red worm to another nursery, where I grow guppies and samples of filamentous algae collected in previous years. A guppy male tries to eat the worm. https://youtu.be/s7mANFMnBLQ The worm is safe for now, hidden in a mesh of filamentous algae. Filamentous algae is a natural safe house for many critters! Also, filamentous algae is food for those critters and for many types of fish. My guppies nibble on filamentous algae all day long. I put the fresh winter sample on a windowsill for observation under a vigorous trusted guard https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tIc9qYk8Ijk&list=PLM88hGt0AfGujTHB-OqADc55ZLTtmwHW0 The next day my watchful guard spotted intruders! Those tiny moving white dots look like cyclopes! https://youtu.be/mQb7cKeTKqA I am going to keep them here for now. February 8th, 2018 The population of cyclopes grows in the past week, while the amount of filamentous algae was reduced. All types of algae need nutrition to grow. Here, you see samples of filamentous algae collected at the same place 6 months earlier in August 2017. The hair thin strings of filamentous algae grow in almost every freshwater lake and pond, among other type of algae. The filamentous algae grows in these two aquariums since summer 2016. https://youtu.be/rSZ0LkWdqMw Notice how it grows thinner and shorter in my aquariums than in the wild. Take a closer look. The wild grown filamentous algae is on the left. The aquarium grown filamentous algae is on the right. Here you see the same aquariums 3 weeks later. Seed shrimps thrive in both nurseries. Filamentous algae needs only sunlight and waste produced by aquatic creatures to double or triple its volume in a matter of weeks! Check my self-sustaining aquarium video https://youtu.be/M30JoD5anmI on how filamentous algae grows from one tiny string to take over an entire aquarium. All types of algae are natural filters and food for fish and critters! Control algae growth by reducing available nutrition and sunlight. Check my previous video about algae control for more details. https://youtu.be/rSZ0LkWdqMw Physically remove excess of filamentous algae as needed. Have fun and happy aquarium :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/03/filamentous-algae.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 25838 Michael Langerman
DIY Moss Tree
May 10th, 2018 I pick up some fresh green land moss. I have the same type of moss growing for about a year in my aquariums https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jak7j7eqMfI&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsixNh13_DSMfDbj0Bg6qoP Notice, this sample grows on a wall of wet rocks - it should be easy to wash this moss ;) Check my previous videos on how to wash https://youtu.be/jak7j7eqMfI and prepare land moss for aquarium https://youtu.be/DWWGfuozMUk This time, I put thoroughly washed moss in a seed shrimp nursery https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5v6OelF1oeU&list=PLM88hGt0AfGv0kYeHAYsSZGmMKb9YyRah Let them have some fun ;) Keep the moss underwater for a week or longer. I am going to put some of this moss in a new aquarium https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bwGmmWMlRCw&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK The moss is already soaked. Therefore, it will sink and stay at the bottom. In this example, I anchor moss to a piece of driftwood. Check my previous videos on how to make driftwood https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dKjZrCjOgXI&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu9KqqP02Qw4bbj2aP7bjOJ Wrap a bushy piece of moss around the top of the stick. Tie the moss to the stick with a couple loose loops of cotton sewing thread or fishing line around lower part of the moss. Be mindful about applying your force! Tight loops may cut through moss. In this example, I use about 6 cm long piece of wood that is about 2 cm thick. The base of the stick is cut flat, and it is wide enough to keep the tree standing on a flat surface. Put the tree into the aquarium. Ghost shrimps like to to climb up and hide under the tree. Fish like to swim around it too ;) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k4Av3bDO8ik&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsF7UD45C23Su_VEJjWXCe5 Have fun and happy aquariums :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/06/diy-moss-tree.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 27827 Michael Langerman
Dechlorinated Water for Aquarium
Chlorine or chloramine is added into public water for disinfection - to kill most bacteria and viruses. Chlorine and chloramine are harmful to all live creatures. I use dechlorinated New York tap water in all my aquariums with fish, plants, critters https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DKO2btNFkTU&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK I fill up a jar with cold tap water at least a day before using it in aquariums. It takes about 24 hours for chlorine to evaporate. Keep the tap water in an open jar for 24 hours to dechlorinate it. 24 hours later the water is safe to use in aquariums. Some cities disinfect public tap water with chloramine. Chloramine does not evaporate from water! Most kitchen water filters remove chlorine and chloramine (among other bad things) from water, making it suitable for aquariums. Check it with your water filter maker. Bottled water of most popular brands is suitable for aquariums. Fresh water from creeks, ponds, lakes, and rivers is normally free of chlorine or chloramine. Though, this water may come with germs and critters https://youtu.be/mQb7cKeTKqA Rain water is also suitable for aquariums ;) Those are sources of water I have tried or currently use in my aquariums. Have fun and happy aquariums :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/06/dechlorinated-water-for-aquarium.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 6064 Michael Langerman
Aponogeton Aquarium Garden
Aponogeton Aquarium Garden January 5th, 2017 I got a bulb of an aqua plant known as Aponogeton (Ulvaceus). It's about 1.5 cm long. Drop it in an aquarium. Fish are curious about the new thing. January 12th, 2017 The aponogeton starts growing during the first week! January 19th, 2017 The 2nd leaf sprouted during the last week while the 1st leaf grows about 6 cm! January 27th, 2017 A new leaf sprouts every week! The 1st leaf rolls in a ribbon. I decided to replant the aponogeton in a new nursery aquarium. February 3rd, 2017 The month old aponogeton looks gorgeous in this small aquarium! It has nice white roots. There is no fish in this nursery yet. March 4th, 2017 Here is a 2 month old aponogeton. More leaves grow in the last month. The old leaves grow wider and longer. The 20 cm tall aquarium is already small for this plant! The leaves are now about 30 cm long. They curve, filling up the tank. Here is the top view. I have also noticed that even large adult guppies cannot pull out the aponogeton leaves. I did not dig the bulb in the substrate. And now it lays on its side. I like the bright green color of the plant. It grows incredibly fast even during short winter days! It looks nice in different colors backgrounds. Have fun and happy aquarium :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/03/aponogeton-aquarium-garden.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 5488 Michael Langerman
Damselfly Nymph The first encounter
Damselfly nymph. The first encounter October 10th, 2016 I got some freshwater plants (for my aquarium) from the lake of Central Park, NYC. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lFRT9EGJ2Y0 One water creature stands out among the innumerable amount of tiny water creatures that come along with plants. I identify this creature - thanks to the help of many YouTubers in the comments of my previous videos about the dragonfly nymph. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o59Vy5No5PU&list=PLM88hGt0AfGucZukTyKvOdhM7r5bIkXJd This creature is a damselfly nymph. Damselfly nymphs are predators. They eat small aquatic creatures like daphnia. I have a lot of tiny creatures to feed the nymph! The damselfly nymph has three fins at the end of its tail. Those fins are gills! It moves like a bug and swims like a fish! I let the nymph stay in my 10 gallon aquarium for now. There is a chance it may develop into a damselfly and teach me and my kid some cool stuff about nature. Have fun and happy damselfly :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/01/damselfly-nymph-first-encounter.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 4030 Michael Langerman
Sweet Potato Aquaponics
Thanks to your comments, I was able to identify this plant as the Ornamental Sweet Potato. Check the previous video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nn8fjWxnLuI) for more details! Music: Calypso Beach Walk by Doug Maxwell November 6th, 2016. This part of the plant was cut from the middle of the branch. It means that both ends of the branch were cut off. There are two leaves. I placed it in a cup of water with fish poop (natural fertilizer) in it on November 2nd, 2016. And look! It is already sporting nice roots. Now I want to place it with roots directly in the aquarium. November 9th, 2016. New leaves sprouted at two spots on the main stem. Remarkably, in the previous video leaves sprouted from the tip of the stem.Here you can see one pair of leaves. And here is the other pair of leaves. It means that there are going to be two stems! The roots grow as quickly as in the previous video. November 18th, 2016. I cut off the two old leaves during the last week to encourage the growth of new leaves. And new leaves sprouted. December 2nd, 2016. I moved the plant to a smaller aquarium. Leaves are changing to a darker color. I want to grow more leaves on each stem. Then I may trim endings of stems to force growth of new stems. Repeat it and again. It would take time to grow a bush of any shape! Have fun and happy aquaponics :) Blog: More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 13220 Michael Langerman
Elodea Aquarium Garden
Elodea is common plant found in freshwater aquariums. I give it a try in my aquarium gardens. All my aquarium plants: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sSgqNh0FkCs&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvdY1rnqapi-0wLa0LUFgSG Elodea garden: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5zJN7hyjzhY&list=PLM88hGt0AfGt6Kve9jdKNtoph6X-Na8cf Aquarium fish care routines: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eKDWgUO4VsM&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvyY_LiG5aQzG1ymwn_7n94 Algae control: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=02xW3z61NfQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsmAJKvbTnn6AUN4O3kMwGr Homemade fish food: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U7x5fw6-vSM&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvUQ-4DbtP2M9tbLJZhCoGj DIY Aquariums: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fX0FGOODDPI&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK Seed shrimps: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZrQKfd8T2n4&list=PLM88hGt0AfGv0kYeHAYsSZGmMKb9YyRah Anchor plants: https://youtu.be/5zJN7hyjzhY March 10th, 2018 A week ago, I ordered an Elodea from Amazon. Let's open the package. There was a delay in delivery because of bad weather conditions. Plants often get damaged due to freezing temperatures and low oxygen levels when shipped via air. That's why I prefer to buy live plants in local stores. Pet stores in Manhattan do not sell Elodea. My cuttings are about 23 cm long. Initially, I keep all new things in separate aquariums from my fish. I put some plants into a 3 liter nursery. And these three, the greenest cuttings, go into 1 liter jar. March 12th, 2018 I add seed shrimps into this nursery. Notice, some leaves fall off the Elodea cuttings. Also, I add pond snails. March 16th, 2018 About 5 cm cutting goes into this nursery with guppy fry. A larger cutting goes into another aquarium with guppy fry. A pinch of homemade fish food flakes should make seed shrimps, snails and plants happy for a week or so in a nursery without fish ;) March 22nd, 2018 The Elodea cuttings in the 3 liter nursery did not survive. The greener, less damaged cuttings in smaller tanks grow well. April 5th, 2018 Elodea grows fast in the past month. April 22nd, 2018 The 5 cm cutting has about 5 cm long roots and about 5 cm green sprout/ branch. There is something interesting. I need to open the aquarium for you to see it better. Okay, let's do it. The roots grow on both ends of the old Elodea. I planted roots of this Elodea into the gravel. May 30th, 2018 It takes about a month for this plant to double in length. The Elodea in the other aquarium grow mighty well too! It's more than double the initial length. I trim this plant. All cuttings go to other aquariums. July 10th, 2018 This cutting with a root goes into my HD aquarium. July 12th, 2018 I cut this plant in two. Each part with a root goes into a 3 liter plastic bottle aquarium. My goal is to get a variety of fast and slow growing plants in all my aquariums. July 16th, 2018 It takes about 2 months for a 5 cm long Elodea to grow 10 times longer! Here you can see the old stub of brownish-green color with a root and a new reach green more than 60 cm long sprout. I make three 10 cm long cuttings from this 2 month old plant. Only 1 cutting has a growing sprout. All 3 cuttings are rootless. Anchor all 3 new cuttings with one seashell. July 24th, 2018 This Elodea plant has been grown in this 3 liters box aquarium for couple months. The plant has 3 new branches. I split the branches. Each branch comes with a root. Now, I use fast growing Elodea to control algae growth in all my aquariums. I trim Elodea plants as necessary, every month or two. Make cuttings of desirable size. Grow them in old or new aquariums. Share spare plants with friends or use it to make fish food flakes ;) July 25th, 2018 Nine days ago I anchored these 3 cuttings with a seashell. They were of the same size. New sprouts grow on both short cuttings. Let's trim the long plant. All 3 plants are the same length now. 3 weeks later on August 15th, 2018 August 24th, 2018 Elodea is one of the fastest growing plants I've ever seen. It's an invasive plant for sure, and there is some beauty in it. Have fun and happy aquariums :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/10/elodea-aquarium-garden.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 7145 Michael Langerman
Water Lily Aquarium Garden
Water Lily Aquarium Garden January 4th, 2017 I got bulbs of a water plant known as Water Lily Nymphaea sp. Drop the bulbs in an aquarium. I should probably plant them, but let's see how it goes. The dry bulb has to be soaked before it will sink to the bottom. It could take a couple minutes or so. January 19th, 2017 I noticed sprouts start growing. January 30th, 2017 I moved plants into small nursery aquariums https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vh1dErbAqd0&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK with a couple of snails. February 3rd, 2017 Roots grow from the sprouts. February 13th, 2017 The water lily looks gorgeous with white roots and pretty leaves. March 31st, 2017 The plant grows steadily in the past month. Here you can see a couple of guppy fry I put in 5 weeks ago. They seem to be doing fine. It has nice roots. Heart shaped leaves of red and green color spread around taking the space of this small nursery aquarium. Let's take a look at the plant from the top. Water lily is not the fastest growing plant in my aquariums, but one of the prettiest and easy to grow! Have fun and happy aquarium :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/04/water-lily-aquarium-garden.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 9917 Michael Langerman
Growing Herbs in Aquarium
I've been growing different land plants in my aquariums. Some of them can grow fully submerged underwater. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6-gZbnrVE34&list=PLM88hGt0AfGso8J51QCu-TSk4hnPpft43 Most herbs that I have tried so far can grow with their roots in water. August 11th, 2018 A YouTuber Random Person101 kindly shared with me some herbs. Thank you Random Person 101! Random Person 101 Facebook page: https://youtu.be/CL6a13Pq60o Let's see what I got. Here are cuttings of Basil https://youtu.be/LN4AkluTr_U This is some kind of Mint. And this is Oregano. Most cuttings are too short to be placed directly in aquariums. In this example, I use a disposable plastic cup and a plastic straw to set up a nursery. Cut two pieces of plastic straw the size of the diameter of the cup. Place the pieces of straw criss-crossing each other in the cup. Add dechlorinated water https://youtu.be/8ItBA19CrtQ Place cuttings of herbs inside of the cup. Keep leaves of herbs above water. Initially, I keep nursery with herbs, without fish, on a windowsill exposed to direct sunlight. Short cuttings without roots are falling out of the nursery. Plastic straws help to secure cuttings. And there is a different way that works with even shorter cuttings! Cut a piece of straw measuring the length from the bottom of the cup to slightly above the water level. Insert the herb in the straw. And place it all in the nursery. On the windowsill it goes. It is my preferred way of starting herb gardens in aquariums. I put 2-3 very short cuttings inside of one straw. Once again, here I have Oregano, Mint, and Basil. Those are some of common house kitchen herbs. August 18th, 2018 Roots grow in the first week. I pull it out just to show - keep the cutting in the straw! Add dechlorinated water to the level as necessary. Some herbs grow slower than others. Some cuttings develop roots better than other. Some cuttings may wilt for whatever reasons. Let cuttings grow roots for couple weeks. Remove straws when roots are large enough to keep plants in the nursery. September 2nd, 2018 I cut 3 pieces of plastic straw to fit on top of this 3 liter plastic bottle aquarium https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3dUTCc3ydDQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK Fix the straws in the way you like to hold the cuttings. Those of you who have standard box shaped aquariums may want to check videos on my other plant holders https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5zJN7hyjzhY&list=PLM88hGt0AfGuv8NOVyWzQ3EVolw1wlqzV Place rooted cuttings of herbs on the top. Make sure roots are into the water, and keep leaves above the water. Cover your aquarium to reduce evaporation. Trim your herbs as necessary to grow new cuttings or to eat ;) Herbs in my aquariums grow slower than planted herbs. Though, I don't change water in my aquariums https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eKDWgUO4VsM&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvyY_LiG5aQzG1ymwn_7n94 and have herbs for cooking! Have fun and happy aquariums :) Blog: https://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/11/growing-herbs-in-aquarium.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 8552 Michael Langerman
Land Moss in Aquarium
Words of gratitude to my friend, Brenda Morris (https://www.facebook.com/brenda.m.morris1), for suggesting to plant regular moss in aquariums and for sharing pictures of her beautiful aquariums with me. Thank Brenda Morris! April 15th, 2017 There are many different types of moss that grow everywhere you go year around. This is one of the first samples I got from my local park. I think it is called Bryum moss. Please, correct me if I am wrong, and I would appreciate if you can share a specific name for it. Wash moss thoroughly under running water! It is very important! Rub it gently as you wash it. It took me 10-15 minutes to get it clean. The moss has no roots! Nevertheless, it attaches itself to rocks, roots of other plants, etc. In this example, I am going to tie the moss to braided roots of Peace lily (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7loX0hiW7zQ). Place the moss on top of the surface where you want to attach it. The green part facing up. I tie the moss with cotton sewing thread. Simply loop the sewing thread around the moss. Add patches of moss as needed to cover empty spots. I place the moss in one of my nursery aquariums (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vh1dErbAqd0&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK)without fish in it yet. April 18th, 2017 This moss seems to produce more oxygen than any other plants that I have in my aquariums. Here you can see the moss covered with bubbles of oxygen as a decorated Christmas tree! May 18th, 2017 In the past month I planted more of this moss in different aquariums with fish. Here is the first sample. Some parts of it grow enormously in a short period of time. My guppies like it. Seed shrimps and cyclops dance happily around the moss. So far this moss grows very well in my aquariums for two months. I want to see if it will grow under water all year around. And there is some more I want to share with you about this and other types of moss in future videos. Have fun and happy moss ;) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/05/moss-in-aquarium.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 36384 Michael Langerman
How to Grow Tree Land Moss Underwater
A variety of land mosses, found in different parts of our planet, can grow underwater https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5zJN7hyjzhY&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsixNh13_DSMfDbj0Bg6qoP On my trip to Vermont, I pick some samples of land moss to see if they would grow underwater in my aquariums https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3dUTCc3ydDQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK Washing land moss thoroughly before placing it in an aquarium is crucial for growing it underwater! https://youtu.be/jak7j7eqMfI This Climacium Dendroides land moss is also known as Tree moss. It looks like a tiny tree :) This one is about 8 cm tall. July 10th, 2018 I put some gravel in a 1 liter jar. Place the Tree moss into the jar. I think a larger jar would be better for this size and amount of moss. But it is the jar I have on hand, so it will do for now. Add dechlorinated water https://youtu.be/8ItBA19CrtQ I left the tips of the tree moss crowns exposed to air for now. Put the nursery on a windowsill into direct sunlight. The moss looks gorgeous in water! July 14th, 2018 I plant some of the Tree moss into a new 2 liter plastic bottle nursery. In this example, I use driftwood made of chopsticks to anchor the moss https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dKjZrCjOgXI&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu9KqqP02Qw4bbj2aP7bjOJ The new sprouts are a rich green! I use fishing line to secure moss between two pieces of driftwood. And it goes into the new nursery. It looks pretty nice to begin with :) August 15th, 2018 I add pond snails to the first nursery https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EBybkcGTFvQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGveHyJjfOshS5K8RnGy8LLj Add dechlorinated water to fully submerge the moss. Also, I add seed shrimps with fresh green algae https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZrQKfd8T2n4&list=PLM88hGt0AfGv0kYeHAYsSZGmMKb9YyRah Cover the nursery to reduce evaporation. September 1st, 2018 Tree moss grows slowly underwater. Seed shrimps seem to like it ;) September 2nd, 2018 I move some of the Tree moss from the first jar into a new nursery. Anchor the moss with a seashell https://youtu.be/5zJN7hyjzhY October 10th, 2018 The tree moss grows steadily. New sprouts looks nice. Notice the amount of algae in the water. Apparently, the slow growing underwater tree moss alone is unable to compete with algae https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=02xW3z61NfQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsmAJKvbTnn6AUN4O3kMwGr as more rapidly growing plants and mosses do. October 21st, 2018 This Tree moss has been growing over 3 months in this aquarium so far. New sprouts grow from the stem and long shots grow from the crown. Have fun and happy aquariums :) Blog: More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 5873 Michael Langerman
Bugs in my aquarium
Bugs in my aquarium I have shown my aquariums many times before: how to make them, plants, snails, nymphs, and fish. But I never showed the microscopic and essential part of my aquariums' environments. Take a close look at the bottom of the aquarium. I have temporarily moved the fish, plants, rocks and water. Here you can see what is left. Some snails, debris of plants, fish poop... Do you see any moving things? Some are worm-like and some are speckle size dots. They live in my aquariums since I brought them, along with wild water plants collected at lakes. It took me long time to separate and identify some of them. I dispose of all harmful creatures, while keeping and populating with those that are useful. This creature is known as Copepod or Cyclops. It is about 1 -2 mm size. It has a semitransparent body with one eye. It moves by leaping around. Copepods eat algae, organic detritus, and bacteria. Guppy fry and adult fish eat copepods. Copepods are fun and beneficial for any aquarium. Here you can see a couple of different creatures. Let me introduce the worm-like first. It is known as Tubifex. Don't get it confused with Nematodes, shown at the beginning of the video. Tubifex are reddish worms used as fish food. This one is about 2 cm long. Tubifex lives at the bottom of a tank bared in sand or gravel. They consume decaying vegetables. Too many of them living in an aquarium indicates that the aquarium is dirty! This creatures is know as Planarian. It is about 1 cm long. It has an arrowhead shaped semitransparent flat body with two light sensitive spots. Planarian eat small dead or living creatures, eggs, and anything they catch. Planarian have some amusing abilities. Check out my previous videos about planarian.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nep3VHyluIQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGuYL9O4jfpMfvEDIfMhUu0d Too many of them suggests that an aquarium is dirty! This creature is known as Seed Shrimp or Ostracod. They move in a funny fashion. You can see them swimming across open water from wall to wall, walking on plants and on and in substrate - they are everywhere! Adult seed shrimps are about 1-2 mm. They eat all kind of organics detritus, acting as a natural bio filters cleaning up aquariums. Adult fish and new born guppy fry alike love to eat seed shrimps. There is never enough of them to feed my fish. All together it makes ostracoda the most welcome creatures in my aquariums, even at nurseries without any fish. Those are beneficial water creatures that I managed so far to identify and keep in my aquariums. It leaves many more for future explorations! Have fun and happy aquariums :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/03/bugs-in-my-aquarium.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 22560 Michael Langerman
Aloe in aquarium
I found this aloe vera on the street. It was badly damaged by the care of its previous owner and the cold of a September night. I want to resuscitate it! First I have to cut off clearly dead parts of the plant. I use a knife to remove dead and broken leaves. The bottom part of the plant does not look healthy. Let's cut it off. Of course I might be wrong about it...,but anyway. I will try to bring back to life these parts of the plant: a stem with three good looking leaves and 2 separated leaves. I am using water from my aquarium. Though, room temperature tap water should do. Pour water in a cup. Silly fish want to get in the cup! I know from my experience, that a leaf of aloe vera placed into water may sprout roots in a couple of weeks. That's my intention with this plant. Put the leaves in cups filled with water and place them near a window. The aloe vera likes bright sun and dry soil with deep penetrating watering. About one month later I noticed a growing root! All three leaves looks greener and healthier! The separated leaves of the plant did not survive. A couple more roots sprouted in about a week. A new leaf start growing about a month later! Roots grows longer. The plant looks very healthy! Plants are very adaptive in general and this one is living proof of it. It's time to build new home for my plant. Take a disposable plastic cup. Cut it from the bottom to the brim. I want to plant the aloe on a top of my aquarium. Yeah, suspending the plant right in water! It will have unlimited access to water and all goods dissolved in it. Carefully! Don't cut through the brim. The top of my aquarium is inclosed in a profile with sides measuring approximately 15 by 10 mm. Let's make the same size rectangular cut along the brim of the cup, about 5 mm away from the brim. Make the cut about 15 mm long along the brim. Then cut about 10 mm down away from the brim. The aquarium enclosure should fit firmly in this cut. Make the same size cut on the other side of the brim. Make both cuts on the same half of the cup! This part of the cup will be inside of the aquarium. Cut off the bottom part of this half of the cup. It opens ways for the roots to grow and fish won't get trapped inside of the cup. The housing for my plant is ready! It is a bit flimsy, but it should do for this size plant. Hang the housing on the side of aquarium. The cut half of the cup goes inside of the aquarium. Fit the profile of the enclosure in the rectangular cuts on the cup. Place the aloe vera inside of the housing. The leaves rest on the brim of the cup preventing the plant from sinking underwater. Actually it looks better on the back side of the aquarium. Make sure the roots are submerged under water. I may need to replace this housing as the plant will grow bigger. Have fun and happy gardening :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2015/12/aloe-vera-in-aquarium.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com
Views: 309699 Michael Langerman
Peace Lily Underwater All Year Round
July 14th, 2017 I showed these 2 Peace lily plants previously in a video in March 2017 https://youtu.be/sOahoXca864 This plant has 1 leaf above water. All other leaves are underwater. This Peace lily has been fully submerged since March 2017. Both plants look good. Let's split the plant with a leaf above the water into two. One part comes with a leaf that was above the water. The other part comes with all leaves that were submerged. Both parts have roots. The part with a single leaf goes...oops...I broke the leaf! Hmm...I put it as it is back into the old aquarium to see if it may regrow. Trim off long braided roots of the second part https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7loX0hiW7zQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGut79WvWzbpr2Q6a8IraDhF Anchor the plant to a rock. Simply tie roots around the rock. This Peace lily goes into my newly built HD aquarium https://youtu.be/lig8FRbunA8 August 18th, 2017 Here you can see all 3 Peace lilies. Plants are fully submerged and stay healthy. The broken leaf is still green! Though, most importantly...new leaves grow from the stub! Let's take a closer look at it. Some parts of the stub got rotten. Remove the rotten parts. All old and new roots are strong. There are 2 new pretty leaves growing. I put the plant back into the old nursery for now. September 30th, 2017 The broken leaf is still green. Algae grows on the stem. October 6th, 2017 I moved fish out from this nursery. The broken leaf remains unchanged. The tiny Peace lily has 4 leaves. October 11th, 2017 I move the tiny Peace lily to a plastic cup. Add seed shrimps to clean it up https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5v6OelF1oeU&list=PLM88hGt0AfGv0kYeHAYsSZGmMKb9YyRah November 16th, 2017 I moved the tiny Peace lily to my smallest aquarium https://youtu.be/YbeOHN7pWxI I keep this nursery without fish on a windowsill. November 19th, 2017 All leaves of my tiny beauty Peace lily wilted!! The temperature over 90 F was more than the plant can take. Seed shrimps tolerate that temperature! I keep the other plants in nurseries with fish away from direct sunlight. The temperature in my apartment is 72-76 F all year around. A new leaf grows on this Peace lily. Old leaves covered with algae. November 21st, 2017 Notice how long it takes for new leaves to fully open. December 30th, 2017 Another leaf sprouted on this plant. February 23rd, 2017 A new leaf grows on the same plant. March 4th, 2017 Here you can see the Peace lily in my HD aquarium. Noticeably, all my Peace lilies grow underwater smaller and slower than they do above water. March 22nd, 2017 A new leaf grows on a Peace lily in this nursery. And so it goes all year around. Peace lily grows underwater without any maintenance https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7xpRkks8W3U&list=PLM88hGt0AfGtmBbkZ2wVdehqfXAe5a9-L Have fun and happy plants :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/05/peace-lily-underwater-all-year-round.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 5332 Michael Langerman
Driftwood Toothpicks for Aquarium DIY
I use wooden toothpicks to make driftwood for anchoring land moss and plants in my aquariums https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jdl2rdyncoA&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu9KqqP02Qw4bbj2aP7bjOJ Cut off pointy ends of the toothpicks. Make them all the same size. Place toothpicks in a pot with water. Bring the water to a boil. Keep the water boiling at low heat. Cover the pot with a lid. The wood gets soaked in hot water and starts releasing tannin. Boiling water evaporates fast! Add water as necessary. Water gets darker as more tannin leaks out of the wood. In this example, I boiled toothpicks for about 5 hours and then removed them from the pot. Basically, these toothpicks are ready to be used as driftwood in aquariums. I keep them in a cup of water, fully submerged and ready for use. I use toothpick driftwood and pieces of an old air tube to anchor moss. Cut off a couple (about 5 mm long) pieces of an air tube. Put ends of 2-3 toothpicks together and fit them into the air tube. There is another way to assemble toothpicks together. Put two toothpicks together, shifted a half length. Secure them with a piece of air tube. Attach the third toothpick as a continuation of the first toothpick. Use another piece of air tube to secure the last two toothpicks. Secure the first pair of toothpicks with another piece of air tube. You can add as many toothpicks as needed in this way. We can fit 2 or 3 toothpicks into a standard aquarium air tube. In this example, I use toothpicks to anchor different types of land moss that grows underwater https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X_04HOoPWLU&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsixNh13_DSMfDbj0Bg6qoP Insert strings of moss between toothpicks. Secure the ends of the toothpicks with an air tube. This one looks like a tiny Christmas tree https://youtu.be/Jdl2rdyncoA I put it in a new nursery aquarium https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M30JoD5anmI&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcKalong with another type of land moss, freshwater snails, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EBybkcGTFvQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGveHyJjfOshS5K8RnGy8LLj and seed shrimps https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5v6OelF1oeU&list=PLM88hGt0AfGv0kYeHAYsSZGmMKb9YyRah October 22nd, 2017 I make nurseries in advance, before new guppies get born https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BUAu9vM_T0M&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsF7UD45C23Su_VEJjWXCe5 Here you can see the same nursery on March 5th, 2018 with guppies born on January 10th, 2018 Have fun and happy aquariums :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/03/driftwood-toothpicks-for-aquarium-diy.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 10606 Michael Langerman
Feeding Fish with Algae
Here is my HD aquarium https://youtu.be/lig8FRbunA8 equipped with algae scrubber HOG.5 (on the left) http://www.santa-monica.cc/HOG5-Hang-On-Glass-UAS-Upflow-Algae-Scrubber--12-Cube-feeding-per-day_p_21.html provided kindly by Santa Monica Filtration http://www.santa-monica.cc/ I've been using it in this aquarium since Summer 2017. Algae scrubbers are the best aquarium filters and much more https://youtu.be/4s2QbXm34Oo For one thing - I don't change water in the aquarium https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eKDWgUO4VsM&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvyY_LiG5aQzG1ymwn_7n94 Once in every 2-3 weeks, I collect algae from the algae scrubber. This is too much of algae for one feeding ;) I split collected algae into portions suitable for one feeding each. Here I have 24 portions. In this example, I put 10 portions in a cup with dechlorinated water. Freeze https://youtu.be/cEsiD3B4-ko or use the rest of the algae to make fish food flakes https://youtu.be/186RslKYkJY I keep the cup with fresh algae on a windowsill. Drop a portion of fresh algae in the aquarium with fish at a regular feeding time. Guppies https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BUAu9vM_T0M&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsF7UD45C23Su_VEJjWXCe5 of all ages and genders nibble on algae. In this example, I feed fish with fresh algae 10 days in a row. Normally my guppies eat algae a couple times a week. The algae stays fresh in a cup of water on a windowsill until the next harvest. Add dechlorinated water as necessary. I use remains of the algae to feed seed shrimps https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5v6OelF1oeU&list=PLM88hGt0AfGv0kYeHAYsSZGmMKb9YyRah Seed shrimps and other critters thrive in algae filled nurseries all year round! On the right is one of my old nurseries. In this example, I give algae to a couple months old guppies. They love algae and critters for a snack! It takes more than a gang of little guppies to take away fresh algae from Ghost shrimps ;) Ghost shrimps seem to prefer fresh green algae over any other food that I feed to them so far. Have fun and happy fish :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/07/feeding-fish-with-algae.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 8583 Michael Langerman
Aloe Aquarium Gardening
May 15th, 2017 In the two weeks after I showed this Aloe (https://youtu.be/yDnCnu0vMDM), the new leaf grew larger. Here you can see it. Unfortunately, the root has rotted. No roots are left in the water. I decided to replant the Aloe in a planter with two funnels (https://youtu.be/dtnf0_WLfuo). Here you can see the remains of the rotten root. I used moss to cover sand in the planter. I did not water the aloe. Nevertheless, you can see the sand is wet. Gently remove the aloe from the old planter. The roots grown in the planter look healthy. I washed the plant under running water to remove the remains of the rotten root. Put a layer of padding polyester to cover all holes in the planter. Then, place the plant and fill up the planter with sand. Water it and add more sand as needed. Here you can see the two funnels. Now I am going to place the aloe on top of aquarium. May 27th, 2017 About two weeks passed since I replanted this aloe. I covered the sand with moss. It looks nicer this way and the moss keeps moisture in the planter. I do not water the aloe. The youngest leaf has noticeably grown since I replanted the aloe. Here you can see it between older leaves. The plant looks good. Have fun and happy plants :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/06/aloe-aquarium-gardening.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 12675 Michael Langerman
Preparing Land Moss for Aquarium
December 2nd, 2017 Land moss grows everywhere. I want to check if land moss collected in cold winter time would grow underwater https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6puQ14SHHkA&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsixNh13_DSMfDbj0Bg6qoP Here, I got a sample of moss grown on a tree. The same moss grows on the ground next to the tree. Wash moss thoroughly under running water. It is important to get rid of soil, dirt, and whatever else could be there. Put washed moss in clear plastic cups or glass jars. Fill up cups with water to cover the moss. I use dechlorinated NYC tap water. It takes 24 hours for chlorine to evaporate from open cups. I keep nurseries without fish on a windowsill exposed to direct sunlight. All my nurseries are populated with seed shrimps - here they are. December 4th, 2017 Mold on water’s surface indicates that samples of moss are getting spoiled. Wash spoiled samples again under running tap water. December 8th, 2017 The same problem. Film of mold on the water’s surface. Wash the moss again. Add dechlorinated water as needed. December 17th, 2017 The moss turns brown despite of all my efforts. And yet, there is the green light of life! The living proof of green power! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6puQ14SHHkA&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvdY1rnqapi-0wLa0LUFgSG Trim it off and let it grow in a new aquarium...or let it flourish in the old nursery. Here is the moss with bubbles of oxygen on. January 20th, 2018 I am taking samples of moss. I have the same types of moss growing in my aquariums since last summer. Let's see how winter picks would do underwater. Here are different types of moss. It looks interesting too. I follow the same procedure with all land moss samples: wash it thoroughly, place moss in a clear container, fill it up with dechlorinated water, keep container open and exposed to direct sunlight, add dechlorinated water as necessary. February 23rd, 2018 I got new samples of moss collected a day before. Check samples for bad odor or presence of mold daily. Those signs indicate that moss needs to be washed again. My winter collected moss samples grow underwater! I add seed shrimps to all nurseries. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5v6OelF1oeU&list=PLM88hGt0AfGv0kYeHAYsSZGmMKb9YyRah They are my essential cleaning crew https://youtu.be/mQb7cKeTKqA helping to control algae growth https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VyjeDFyoDb8&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsmAJKvbTnn6AUN4O3kMwGr in all aquariums. Fish eat them! I move moss to new nurseries https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M30JoD5anmI&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK after a couple weeks or more of testing, giving couple weeks or more for new aquariums to settle before adding guppy fry. Here is an aquarium with 3 types of land moss. Have fun and happy aquariums :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/04/preparing-land-moss-for-aquarium.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 4354 Michael Langerman
DIY Aquarium of Plastic Box
Making aquariums is simple as it's shown in this video. I come to this version from plastic bottles aquariums that I've been doing for couple years. The present version is simple and yet beautiful. The small size of the aquarium has it's own purpose that I will explain in future video. However the idea is scalable to any larger size ;) Enjoy the video and please check links for details on other aspects related to aquarium fish care. DIY Aquariums: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fX0FGOODDPI&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK Aquarium Fish Care Routines: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eKDWgUO4VsM&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvyY_LiG5aQzG1ymwn_7n94 Plants in aquariums: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=02xW3z61NfQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsmAJKvbTnn6AUN4O3kMwGr Algae control: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=02xW3z61NfQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsmAJKvbTnn6AUN4O3kMwGr Fish food: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U7x5fw6-vSM&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvUQ-4DbtP2M9tbLJZhCoGj How to remove stickers: https://youtu.be/Fz7DvaNoHGc How to dechlorinated water: https://youtu.be/8ItBA19CrtQ Land moss in aquariums: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5zJN7hyjzhY&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsixNh13_DSMfDbj0Bg6qoP Seed shrimps: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZrQKfd8T2n4&list=PLM88hGt0AfGv0kYeHAYsSZGmMKb9YyRah Pond snails: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EBybkcGTFvQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGveHyJjfOshS5K8RnGy8LLj In this example, I use two plastic boxes to make two aquariums. This box was a package for a small strawberry shortcake. Enjoy your cake in good company! Remove all stickers and wash the box clean The top side of this square box is about 13 cm. 8 cm height. The bottom is about 12 cm. Put some gravel to cover the bottom of the box. Add dechlorinated water. About 1 liter of water fits in this box. It is important to keep more than 2 types of live (fast and slow growing) plants in aquariums. In this example, I add growing underwater land moss into both aquariums. Let it stay for a couple days or more. Next is an optional, but very welcome, addition. I add seed shrimps. Here you can see them as tiny dots in a nursery full of green algae. Seed shrimps eat algae and organic remains. Fish eat seed shrimps. Also optional, I add pond snails. Let it stay for couple weeks before adding any fish. March 12th, 2018 Congratulations! We have made the simplest aquarium. I place aquariums on wooden bases. It is safer to move an aquarium by holding the wooden base on which it is standing. Here you see the same aquariums on September 1st, 2018 In the past six months, I have added fish and plants in this aquariums. Here you can see duckweed and frogbits on the water surface. Dwarf lily, hairgrass, and underwater growing land moss. 1 male and 2 female guppies in each of these aquariums. All fish born on March 23rd, 2018 They already have babies ;) I moved babies to a new aquarium. Here you can see the land moss tree shown in one of my previous videos. I don't change water in any of my aquariums. Have fun and happy aquariums :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/09/diy-aquarium-of-plastic-box.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 10531 Michael Langerman
Adopting Wild Freshwater Snails
Words of gratitude to Jean Duffle (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCrvfmCCIu9vie-JNhae-fcw) for identifying the snails in my aquariums. Thanks Jean Duffle! May 18th, 2017 I found snails or snail eggs in all ponds and lakes of Central park. Conservatory Water model boat pond is probably the best place to pick up adult water snails. In all other lakes, I found snail eggs attached to water plants. Here, in this pond you can pick snails right from the walls of the pond. It takes 2-3 adult snails to populate a number of any size aquariums in a matter of weeks. Here you can see 2 snails that I am going to take home. Get an empty plastic bottle. Fill it up with water from the pond - it is important! Leave some air in the bottle. Drop snails in the bottle. Make small holes in the bottle cap if you want to close the bottle. Close the bottle. You may see fish in the pond - leave it in the pond. City park rangers can provide you with info about this fish and much more - just ask them. If you come across snail eggs - check out my previous video on growing snails from the eggs: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EBybkcGTFvQ. You may find snails of different sizes. In my experience, the water snails up to about a fingernail size like this are the best for adaption. The larger, older snails are less likely to survive in aquariums. This one seems to be even larger. Watch how quickly it closes the operculum. The smaller younger snails of this type don't have the operculum. It made it difficult for me to identify type of this snails. These snails grow in my aquariums to about 2-3 cm the most, never developing operculum: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DGmhJMpUhw8. This one has about 6 cm shell! I am taking home only small snails. The large snails go back to the pond. Once again, thank Jean Duffle for identifying these snails as Campeloma. The shell of wild snails is home for bacteria and many little creatures - some of them could be harmful! It is safer to keep wild water snails in a separate nursery aquarium: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vh1dErbAqd0&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK. I use 2 liter plastic bottles for making nurseries. Put 2-3 cm layer of gravel. Add some plants (here I use a regular moss ;)https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QTc5RTr7Rq4&list=PLM88hGt0AfGtwGOPmQJ-q7Z7A15xJ6-QK Add dechlorinated water (top water left in an open jar over a night). Add the snails with the water from the pond to the nursery. The next step is optional. I add seed shrimps and cyclops to all my aquariums https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LrIyAOATnvA. This little water creatures eat remains of all organic matter (algae, fish food and poop and etc) helping to keep aquariums clean. The basic care includes adding dechlorinated water weekly to the level as it evaporates. I feed snails once in a couple days with some fish food flakes. The aquarium looks better with more plants in it. Check out my videos for ideas about plants in aquariums https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qxqRt8odnmg&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvdY1rnqapi-0wLa0LUFgSG. May 21st, 2017 Snails get busy mating and laying eggs from the first day in aquarium. Here you can see the snail eggs. Check out my previous video to see how they develop in eggs https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EBybkcGTFvQ. It takes about 2 weeks for baby snails to hatch from eggs. There will be a lot of them! June 2nd, 2017 The first batch of baby snails hatched! They appear as tiny dots scattered everywhere. Let them grow in this nursery. The number of snails and all other live creatures self-regulated to the optimal population density for each ecosystem. You can move young snails to another aquarium at any time. Scrape them gently from the wall using some stick. Then wash them off the stick in the destination aquarium. June 6th, 2017 The same nursery aquarium can be shared with guppy fry https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=43ERrWUZ0-o&list=PLM88hGt0AfGsF7UD45C23Su_VEJjWXCe5. Using a tooth brush for transferring baby snails works well. Here you can see snails trapped in and on top of the brush. Wash snails off the brush in the destination aquarium. Fresh water snails grow and multiply with simple care. It is a perfect pet for zen garden aquariums (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kc2AvpDzz1U&list=PLM88hGt0AfGtb3JP9V4zdu10v4k42c9Xx) and aquariums in general. Check out my previous videos to see what snails do https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P8ojXPHSMh8&list=PLM88hGt0AfGveHyJjfOshS5K8RnGy8LLj. Have fun and happy snails :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/06/adopting-wild-freshwater-snails.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 69331 Michael Langerman
Simple Self Sustainable Aquarium
I've been doing experiments to learn what it takes to build small self-sustaining aquariums for fish https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZrQKfd8T2n4&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvTwxtpc8005q8jwWelt_Yc Here you can see my 3D aquariumhttps://youtu.be/DKO2btNFkTU with young guppies. I moved fish to a larger aquarium when they grow up. Now I've been using the same well established aquarium as a self-sustaining aquarium for little critters https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GwSBjV1eJIk&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvgpO4wZw22RKF1ow9gDtrq Remember, I don't change water in all aquariums ;) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gbdmf66XUSQ&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvyY_LiG5aQzG1ymwn_7n94 My well established aquariums offer a unique opportunity for this matter. It is fish waste (remains of food and fish poop) accumulated on the bottom making fertile soil - the source of food for plants and some critters. There are at least 3 types of different critter coexisting in this aquarium along with land moss, a dwarf lily, duckweed, frogbit plants, common green, and filamentous algae. Let's look at how things go in this aquarium starting from August 2018. Words of gratitude to YouTuber Arnaldo M.B. for identifying these critters as Aulophorus vaga https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1VLu4NqxnIs&list=PLM88hGt0AfGvwKlx8fqxcX8hrrV9PAr7U Thank you Arnaldo M.B!! Here you can see this case-caring aquatic worms before I put them in my 3D aquarium. They come with filamentous algae - another case of my interest. Also, I added some snails and seed shrimp to keep the genetic health of existing colonies ;) August 26th, 2018 Cases caring by aquatic worms get smaller in the past week. Filamentous algae grows fast, taking all available space. September 5th, 2018 The bottom part of the aquarium is thickly covered by a mesh of filamentous algae. Critters are having fun in these aquatic jungles. October 24th, 2018 Filamentous algae gets thinner and decreased in amount. October 27th, 2018 Land moss is taking space instead of filamentous algae. Worms are busy as always. November 23rd, 2018 Here, you can observe life in the aquarium at normal speed. Let's switch to a time-lapse recording. Tiny critters and plants live in different dimensions. Look how many critters are here! Here is a real time recording of a tiny fury of actions!! A seed shrimp bites an Aulophorus vaga worm. Apparently, caring a case makes a lot of sense. December 6th, 2018 I don't add or remove anything in this aquarium since August 2018. No food, no water changes. The aquarium has access to atmospheric air. The top cover reduces water evaporation. Eventually, I may need to add dechlorinated water. Though, there is a way to avoid it ;) And so life goes in cycles on its own in this aquarium month after month without me doing anything but watching it. Here, you can see filamentous algae start growing again and so does the dwarf lily, while this land moss seems to grow continuously. Have fun and happy aquariums :) Blog: https://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2018/12/simple-self-sustainable-aquarium.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 7186 Michael Langerman
Newborn Guppy Small Size Strain 2nd line
April 10th, 2017 I chose this pair of guppies for breeding the 2nd line of small size guppy. They are born from different parents. The male was born in November 2016. The female was born in January 2017 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RtQoGZ2oX-w). They are about 2 cm each. Both fish were born and are growing in plastic bottle aquariums. June 6th, 2017 They have 2 newborn babies! Here you can see one baby. It is resting on top of a leaf. The second baby is hiding somewhere here. Here it is resting on a leaf. I am going to move these babies to a nursery aquarium that I have prepared weeks before https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vh1dErbAqd0&list=PLM88hGt0AfGu6ebQ8bSkZyYB2BFBuqkcK. Birth of these babies is a significant event. They are the first born to parents that were born and grew in plastic bottle aquariums. I use a pipette to transfer babies (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cdLRKKhWa_8). I populate the nursery aquariums with seed shrimps, cyclopes, snails and different plants. Here are guppies of both lines. Guppies of the 1st line are on the left, starting with the parents. Here you can see the parents with 1 baby from their last drop. The parents don't eat the baby. I have a couple thoughts about this to share in a separate video. The size of all adult fish remains about the same since the middle of May 2017 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V1xOdUlssQQ. Here come other babies of this parenting couple. You can see their birthday dates on top of each aquarium. That was the 1st line. And here is the 2nd line. The parents are on the right. The 6 month old female was born from the parents of the 1st line. The 8 month old male was born from different parents. Here you can see them. All my guppies originated from one pair of snakeskin guppies I bought back in 2001. 16 years of random breeding in one aquarium has wiped out the original color pattern. This pair of newborn guppies may help to breed guppies with size under 2 cm - the ultimate goal of this project. Here is a link to Breeding Guppy Small Size Strain Data sheet for easy tracking of the progress https://docs.google.com/document/d/1lfHyYHmW2u-9aYqA8X19pGkENQpSqnF9w1bvg9Nvha0/pub All fish are doing fine. Life is beautiful! Have fun and happy fish :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/06/newborn-guppy-small-size-strain-2nd-line.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 10033 Michael Langerman
Easiest Trick for Changing Water
I colored water in a tank to make it easier for you to see it. Insert one end of the tube into the aquarium. Water will fill up the tube up to the level of the water in the aquarium. Coil some more of the tube under the water. Block the end of the tube with your finger. Pull the coiled part of the tube out of water. Bring the tube with water in it below the level of water in the aquarium. Release the end of the tube. The water flows from the aquarium. Keep the ends of the tube below water level for continuous water flow. Use this technique for changing water in aquariums and never suck the tube! Have fun and happy water changing :) Blog: http://rndmbits.blogspot.com/2017/05/easiest-trick-for-changing-water.html More fun on my website www.fewdoit.com Views as Money: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03hgIT4HTiE
Views: 3419 Michael Langerman